October, 1995
The purpose of this paper is to examine the recent changes in idealists' arguments and the idealists' view of the changing world order. I will examine this topic by exploring how the ideology of religion and social, economic and political theories has affected recent changes in idealists arguments and how these theories are shaping the idealists' view of the changing world order.
In recent years, religion has become a very powerful political and military motivation for countries.   Since the collapse of the USSR, the primary focus of world concern has been on the conflicts of Bosnia-Herzegovina, in India between the Hindu's and the Muslims, and the ongoing conflicts between the Israelites and Arabs.  All of these ongoing battles are based on religious beliefs, but their seemingly localized conflicts have worldwide implications. As these conflicts continue, the United States and the United Nations attempt to be the peace-seeking forces, yet our foreign policy seems to ignore the religious basis for these conflicts. As the conflicts become settled, certain religious groups gain dominance, and the ideologies of that area are changed dramatically. Thus, in recent years, idealists have recognized that as the world's dominant religions begin shifting and conflicting ideology itself begins to change, and this creates an identity crisis for the idealists.
The second type of ideology that I will examine is that of economics. In the last ten years, we have witnessed dramatic shifts in the world's economic structure. As the USSR's communist-based structure collapsed, the strife between the rich and the poor grew wider worldwide.  Rich countries such as the United States began exerting more power over poorer countries such as Russia and Yugoslavia. The European countries, sensing a need for more economic power, have begun forming the European Union, in order to unify and strengthen their economic base.  Japan continues to strengthen its economic superstructure by exporting big-ticket items to the rest of the world.  Thus the economic power structure of the world is shifting from bipolarism to multipolarism, with Japan, the United States, and the European Union being the three major players.  These changes in the economic makeup of the world have led idealists to argue for such trade treaties as NAFTA and trade deficit reduction plans between the United States and Japan, in order to reduce the economic disparity between the economic superpowers and the less-wealthy countries.
Along with the economic changes we have witnessed, great changes in the political makeup of the world have been experienced in recent years.  There has been a surge in democracy in recent years, including the recent  �free� elections in South Africa and Russia.   This surge represents a change from a bipolar political makeup of the world (community countries versus democratic ones) to a unipolar makeup (democracy based only).  Many idealists recognize that in certain circumstances, democracies are not the best means by which to govern the people or the world, and slow changes I needed in order to examine what the best system is for each country.  In addition, the United States has heavily influenced the expansion of democracy by military and economic means to countries leaning towards democracies.  This type of influence has been felt worldwide, more so in the last decade than ever before.
In the last ten years, we have witnessed an incredible shift in the world�s religious, economic and political superstructure.  This shift has not been felt as much in the United States as in other countries, but we would be ignorant to dismiss the change.  These changes have left idealists wondering what the future of the world will be, including which countries will be the superpowers and which countries will collapse.  This uncertainty has left idealists demanding a new system of world order.  Much time and energy has been spent by modern great political thinkers, philosophizing about what the new world order will be like.  Unfortunately, no one knows for sure.  This uncertainty adds to the confusion of the idealists.  The tumultuous time that we live in is one of great upheaval for idealists, who would prefer that one religious, economic and political structure govern the world, rather than a constantly changing focus of multiple structures.  As we move into the next millennium, the idealists will have their chance to influence the �new world order,� and hopefully the transition will be peaceful.

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